In 712 Sevilla was taken by the Moors and became an important center in Muslim Andalusia. It remained under Muslim control until falling to Fernando III in 1248. The city retains many Moorish features, including large sections of the city wall.
The Cathedral of Sevilla was built from 1401 - 1519 and occupies the site of the former great mosque built in the late twelfth century. The central nave rises 37 meters over a total area of 11,520 square meters. The cathedral, which is the final resting place of the remains of Christopher Columbus, is the larges church in the world when compared using the measurement of volume, otherwise it is the third largest after Saint Peter's in Rome and Saint Paul's in London. Some columns and elements from the old mosque was reused when building the cathedral, most famously, the Giralda, originally a minaret, was converted into a bell tower.
The Alcázar facing the Cathedral is a beautiful palace build mainly in Moorish style, but also in Renaissance. The Alcázar has developed from the city's old Moorish Palace; construction was begun in 1181, and continued for over 500 years. With its myriad of rooms, extravagant architecture, lavish gardens with many courtyards, ponds and secrets to be explored, it is a fascinating place to visit.
The Museo de Bellas Artes is considered by some as the second most important fine arts museum in Spain after the Prado in Madrid. The museum building is a former mercy convent renewed in the 17th century. The square just outside hosts an open-air market on Sundays until around 1:30pm, where you can find plenty of paintings on local topics, some more interesting than others.
Other points of interest in Sevilla are: The Torre del Oro, a watchtower and defensive barrier on the river, built by the Almohad dynasty. A chain was strung through the water from the base of the tower to prevent boats from traveling into the river port. The Town Hall, built in the 16th century in Platerresque style. The University of Sevilla is housed in the original site of the first tobacco factory in Europe, a vast 18th century building. The Plaza de España was built for the 1929 Exposicion Ibero-Americana, and is a bizarre and lofty mixture of diverse historic styles and lavishly ornated with typical glazed tiles.
Sevilla is one of the legendary homes of Flamenco. You can choose a tourist geared spectacular or a more intimate café setting. Plaza de Toros de la Real Maestranza Museum (Sevilla's bullring) is one of the oldest bullrings in Spain. You can see the museum and you can also go to a bullfight.